Born July 17, 1888 in Budapest; died July 1967 in Budapest. Poet, aesthetician, dramatist, novelist, short-story writer. Father a civil servant. Orphaned early. After obtaining doctorate in jurisprudence taught economics in commercial gymnasium in Budapest. During October Revolution in 1918 became one of directors of Alkotó Művészek és Tudományos Kutatók Szövetsége and legal adviser to Vörösmarty Academy. Placed on pension after failure of Revolutionary Government. Traveled extensively between World Wars I and II: Austria, Germany, Poland, Italy, and Greece. Named privat docent of aesthetics at University of Budapest in 1947. Awarded Kossuth Prize in 1948. Beginning of literary career coincides with founding of Nyugat on January 1, 1908, to which he contributed until it ceased publication on August 1, 1941. Author of dramas and fiction but most important as poet and aesthetician. His poems show pessimistic attitude toward life and world and rebellion against fate, and affection and sympathy for human condition and destiny. Continually concerned with basic questions of life; developed motifs with pathos and in biblical and Greek style. One of creators of free verse in Hungarian poetry. Influenced succeeding generation of poets: Gyula Illyés, György Sárközi, Miklós Radnóti, and Sándor Weöres (qq.v.). A feleségem története has been translated into French and Polish, Nevetők into German, and some of his poems into French, German, Hebrew, Italian, and Rumanian.
Hungarian Authors. A Bibliographical Handbook by Albert Tezla